Nutro weight management cat food

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Nutro weight management cat food diet

To determine your cat's ideal weight, the owner should do an accurate weight measurement using a flat scale, such as the scale the vet. Find out how to calculate ideal cat weight with our table for pets.

Weight loss in dogs is a frustrating and difficult issue to address, and many dogs struggle with weight maintenance, particularly as they age.

The following diets are used to assist in weight loss. A high calorie diet with very low fiber content, such as the weight loss diet for cats described below, is typically used to get a rapid, short-term weight loss of 5 to 10 percent. Cat treats and table foods designed for weight loss contain an additional ingredient, which is usually a combination of fiber, such as cellulose, rice bran, inulin, or flaxseed, and a fat. This can help promote the feeling of fullness and slow the digestion of the fat.

There are many other factors that affect weight such as hormones, thyroid function, and water retention. Weight loss surgery is very effective for some people, but can be very dangerous in some cases. A combination of exercise and dietary changes can be very effective for reducing and maintaining the weight. In some cases, a veterinary dietitian can help in identifying the most effective and appropriate diet.

There is no standard "best" diet for cats, because each cat has different nutritional needs. A balanced, high quality commercial cat food is generally best for maintaining a healthy weight. Commercial foods usually come with a label which indicates that they are designed to provide optimal nutrition for adult cats, so you can buy foods based on your cat's weight.

A balanced diet should be formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of your cat including essential vitamins and minerals, including those required for healthy immune function and strong hair and nails.

It is best to follow the nutrition requirements for adult cats on a label as closely as possible. A good quality commercial food will have a label which provides a good indication of the nutrient content of the food.

There are several different categories of cat foods. There are:

* Natural foods - these are natural or raw cat foods, which can be made from a range of raw ingredients such as meat, fish, or vegetables. They often come with a "raw" label to indicate they are suitable for feeding to adult cats, which is a requirement in Australia and New Zealand.

* Balanced - balanced diets provide a good level of protein, fat, vitamins and minerals, and should contain ingredients that are low in lactose. These foods are often "balanced" in protein, but may have ingredients which provide a varied diet, such as a range of vegetable proteins and oils. They should be formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of adult cats.

* Specialty - these diets may provide greater emphasis on particular ingredients, such as fatty acids or minerals. The quality of foods can vary greatly, and a specialist food may be just as good as a general purpose diet. If you have concerns about the quality of the diet you are currently feeding your cat, then an online search may give you further information on the quality of different types of foods.

The best way to achieve good nutrition is to discuss your cat's current diet and discuss which ingredients you think are suitable. Often cat owners, particularly at the beginning, will try to give their cats too much too soon, which can lead to problems. For this reason it is a good idea to slowly introduce new ingredients to the cat's diet. Always check with a vet before introducing any new food or change in diet, as there are risks associated with many different foods.

# Food for a healthy immune system

A healthy immune system is essential for a healthy body. Cats have developed a number of different ways of protecting themselves from pathogens, including micro-organisms and parasites, that can damage their internal organs and body tissues. As your cat gets older, the immune system can weaken and cause problems, such as lower resistance to infections and tumours. It is important to provide your cat with a nutritious diet to support a healthy immune system, as well as having the right supplements.

* Antibiotics – these are used to treat bacterial infections and help prevent the growth of _Pneumocystis_ (which causes _Pneumonia_ in your cat). Antibiotic levels need to be maintained at the appropriate concentration to protect against _Pneumocystis_ , but also in order to ensure that the antibiotics don't have an effect on other bacteria in the body.

* Antiviral – these can be used to reduce the incidence of some viral infections (including feline herpes virus). For example, it is recommended that all cats are routinely vaccinated against the calicivirus, which is a virus that can cause diarrhoea and lead to death.

* Immune support – antioxidants can help protect the body against the damage done by free radicals. Your cat will also need all the vitamins and minerals that will help strengthen and support the immune system.

* Lactation support – if your cat is pregnant or lactating, the diet she eats during this time should contain adequate levels of omega 3.

* Nutrient timing – the body's cells and tissues use a range of substances, such as energy, protein and carbohydrates, so a healthy diet that is balanced and well-planned will help you achieve the nutrient requirements for your cat's lifestyle.

* Parasite control – if your cat lives in a community setting, there is the risk of parasites being passed between cats.

* Stress support – a diet that is rich in protein and fibre is useful for dealing with stress as well as supporting a healthy immune system.

**Note: do not feed your cat the same products your dog eats**.

**Nutritional requirements for healthy growth and maintenance**

The cat food that you buy should include all of the following components:

* Protein: approximately 20% to 30% of the diet is needed for growth and maintenance.

* Fat: this can vary from 0% to 20% of the diet.

* Carbohydrate: ideally, the remaining 70% to 50% of the diet should be carbohydrate. However, a diet that is lower in carbohydrate is recommended for those cats that are eating more kibbles, such as for cats that are prone to loose stools (e.g. kibble- and wet food-fed cats).

* Moisture: approximately 15% to 25% of the diet is needed for the cat's body to maintain optimum health.

**Note: as cats age they will eat less. For example, middle-aged cats may eat from 25% to 50% less than younger cats**.

**Note: if your cat is obese, she may need to have a higher energy diet or special food with added energy to meet her nutritional requirements**.

If your cat is overweight, it is likely that she has an appetite problem and her calorie requirements are increased.

**Calculating nutritional requirements**

When calculating requirements for cats, it is important to use the correct calorie count.

As mentioned in the previous chapter, cats burn between 50% and 100% of the calories they consume. Therefore, calorie counts for cats should be rounded up or down, depending on the amount that the cat will actually be burning.

**Calorie requirements for a cat in each age group**

**Age** | **Calories needed daily**

--- | ---

3 months to 6 months | 350

6 months to 1 year | 350–800

1–3 years | 450

**Note: for cats over the age of 1 year the calorie requirements are reduced**.


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